Daniel Goleman first coined the term Emotional Intelligence. It consists of two underlying components, namely Intrapersonal Intelligence and Interpersonal Intelligence. A multitude of research studies have compared IQ to EQ in terms of workplace performance in individuals and results seem to consistently indicate that EQ is a greater determinant of success.

Intrapersonal – and Interpersonal Intelligence each consists of two components. This entry will explain these. Intrapersonal Intelligence refers to:

  1. Self – awareness
    Self – awareness has to do with our ability to become aware of – and identify the emotions we experience in any particular situation correctly. It means identifying tendencies to experience similar emotions such as anger across situations. It is the ability to stop and reflect on the thought that underlies and gives rise to a particular feeling.

…if you don’t have self-awareness, if you are not able to handle your distressing emotions, if you can’t have empathy and can’t have effective relationships, then no matter how smart you are, you are not going to get very far.

Daniel Goleman

In CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy), feelings are also distinguished in four groups which are:

  1. Appropriate positive emotions
  2. Inappropriate positive emotions
  3. Appropriate negative emotions
  4. Inappropriate negative emotions